Art as we know it today, is a fairly modern concept.The loosest definition of fine art today is artifice: the creation of a thing, not by nature itself, but by the will of a person or group.
Throughout time, art has not always been made by individual artists, or even by people who would dare to identify themselves as artists. Some of the most ancient and profound art is "folk art," created by anonymous people under unknown circumstances. Folk art may be religious in nature - perhaps even an attempt to create a magical object. It may have been made by itinerant or untrained artists. It may not have been considered art at all at the time of its creation.